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Thursday, 15 February 2018

A plastic bag can harm your reproductive health

Go to the minimarket and buy a bottle of soda to quench thirst on this hot day. You pay and in return you receive a large plastic bag made of polyethylene. A common practice in commercial establishments that puts at risk the quality of our ecosystem and, of course, our individual and collective health.

The reason: a plastic bag takes 150 years to decompose completely. That is, that package in which you received your soda this morning will be on earth until your grandchildren or the children of your grandchildren go to college or start a family. But the effects of plastic pollution not only affect the environment, mainly the oceans, but also our health.

Although studies on animals about their health are varied; in humans, scientific research is still preliminary. Elmer Huerta explains that there are two chemical substances that are under the eye of researchers: bisphenol A and phthalates. 

"Both substances act by melting the cascade system that produces male and female hormones, affecting men more than women," he says.

The main changes in the reproductive life of human beings because of these substances present in plastics are early menstruation and decrease in the production of adult sperm.

Although these names do not sound to us, the products that contain them are frequently used by all. Bottles and bottles of water, sports equipment, some medical devices such as catheters or hemodialysis materials; dental instruments for orthodontics and sealants; CDs; cell phones and computers; bicycle helmets; and, some appliances are part of the long list of products.

Bisphenol A is used in the manufacture of plastics and is part of the production process of a type of resin. Phthalates are used as solvents in perfumery and pesticides. They can be found in nail polishes, adhesives, putties, paint pigments, children's and sexual toys.


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