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Thursday, 15 February 2018

Chickenpox and the reality of a vaccine that will be mandatory

It presents as a mild to moderate disease with complete recovery and no complications.

The case of the death of a 3-year-old Trujillano child due to hemorrhagic varicella caused alarm. The specialists rule out a pandemic but to complications related to infectious episodes in the wounds and blisters during the final process of the disease.

Chickenpox is considered a childhood disease, with a greater number of cases between July and December. According to figures from the Ministry of Health, during 2017, 7799 cases of chickenpox were reported nationwide, of which 647 presented some type of complication and 16 became fatalities in that period. So far this year, 552 cases were reported (55, with complications and 2 deaths). This was confirmed by the Minister of Health, Jorge Abel Salinas .

Given this, the holder of the portfolio commented that the incorporation of the vaccine that prevents the disease in the mandatory calendar of immunization of children by the state health service is already a reality.

"We can announce that we are ready to incorporate these vaccines into the national scheme. We will give the technical standards and in a few weeks, because this requires a logistical issue: with the arrival of the vaccine, distribution and placement, probably for the month of April, we will be putting the vaccine from the year of age, in all children nationwide, "he says.

The reason for the delay were the technical processes. "We need to have information about the disease, the burden of the disease, the behavior of the disease, knowing the vulnerable population, etc. And this is what has been done, "he explains.

Pediatrician Pedro Arellano comments on the importance of this immunization. "The vaccine just exists for the prevention of a disease.That's why the fact of having a vaccine, in case of having the disease, in general, is a weak disease. If you have both vaccines, the most likely is that the disease is almost zero, "he says.

The incubation period of the virus is 14 to 16 days and it is differentiated in two stages: the outbreak period, where reddish blisters appear throughout the body; and, the stage of drying, where the coated wounds of these blisters fall. The first stage is contagious, the second is not.

"Being a virus disease, most of these are self-limited. In some cases, with complications, it needs drugs, Acyclovir, which can be given in the case of those children who may just be starting the disease ", concludes


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