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Thursday, 15 February 2018

Attentive to these symptoms: could indicate colon cancer

It is not easy to realize that one suffers from colon cancer. Here we tell you some of the possible symptoms of this disease.

What are the symptoms of a possible colon cancer?

  • You feel a change in bowel functions. Among them can be diarrhea or constipation that lasts several days. 
  • You do not have relief when bowel movement, but you still have the feeling of having to do it.  
  • Bleeding in the rectum 
  • Dark stools or blood in the stool.
  • Presence of cramps or abdominal pain.
  • Constant feeling of weakness and fatigue.
  • Loss of weight involuntarily.

How to detect colon cancer?

Unfortunately, when the symptoms begin to be felt, it means that the colon cancer has already grown and may even have spread. Therefore, it is important to perform periodic screening tests, which are able to prevent some types of colon cancer, because they identify precancerous growths such as polyps, which can then be eliminated.

What makes colon cancer difficult to detect is that, generally, it does not cause symptoms until it reaches a more advanced stage. Due to this silent danger, it is recommended that people get medical checkups of this disease from 50 years. If you have a family history of this disease - or other risk factors - you should begin to examine yourself younger.

How to know if it is colon cancer?

If the doctor finds something suspicious during the screening or suspicion due to an associated symptom, he will recommend more tests and tests. It will also review the family medical history, since 1 in 5 people who have colon cancer have also had a family member with this disease.

The doctor will examine the abdomen and the rest of the body. You may also ask for certain blood and stool tests to help determine the existence of this type of cancer.

If it is believed that the presence of colon cancer is very likely, then a colonoscopy and biopsy of any abnormal area is performed. The biopsy involves removing small pieces of tissue with a special instrument.Afterwards, it is examined under a microscope in search of cancer cells.

Can you survive colon cancer?

If it is detected early - that is, before it spreads - it is very likely that this disease can be survived, since the relative survival rate in the following 5 years is 90%. If it has already spread, the percentage of survivors is lower.


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